Domestic and International Adoption and Their Differences
When any prospective adoptive parents decide that they want to adopt a child they must first consider which of the two ways either domestic adoption or an international adoption to reach their goal. Although domestic adoption is the most popular and most used medium for adopting infants and children international adoption also has its days.
These factors however must be considered when making a decision, they are; health, cost, travel, government issues, risk, adjustment of the child, wait time and last but not least the age.
Health: International adoptions agencies or orphanages do not have medical records for their orphans and as a result they are unable to inform the adoptive parents of any health issues the child may have. On the other hand domestic adoption service has all the medical information for both the child and their birth parents. As a result any problems that the infant may come about can be noticed early and prevented or treated.
Cost: The cost differs greatly between the two. Domestic adoption can cost from little to no money at all. The cost for both of them however is dependent on the agency that is used and the attorney fees. Domestic adoption may cost from $4,000 – $20,000 while international adoption can be anywhere up to $50,000 or more.
Travel: International adoption requires not only one parent but both parents to visit the country of the child they wish to adopt and visit the child while filling out paper works that will allow the child to be able to leave the country. Domestic adoption on the other hand does not require both parents.
Government issues: The law varies in each US State for domestic adoption. Most, however, especially in the west are adoption friendly. For foreign adoption it is more complicated as you have to follow not only the U.S. laws regarding adoption but also the foreign government along with the Hague Convention.
Risk: Birth mothers may choose to take back their children after deciding to give them up for adoption and that is a risk that both domestic and international adoptions face. For domestic adoptions, birth mothers have 48 hours after the baby’s birth to make a final decision. International adoption also has some issues in this regard but for cases where kidnapped children are adopted or when children were forced to leave their poor parents in order to have foreign parents.
Adjustment: For domestic adoption it’s just for the child to get use to the new home and faces. But for international children it is much harder as sometimes they even speak their native language and definitely have a different back ground and culture. Therefore adjusting for them will be much harder.
Age: It is much easier for adoptive parents to gain newborn if they use domestic adoptions but to get a newborn from an international medium is much harder.
Knowing these factors will definitely make you able to choose the one that best suits your needs.